Sugar Land Chiropractors | Crutching Around Getting Old?
This content was written for Restoration Health Chiropractic.
Within many major cities around the world one might be surprised to find out that there is a subterranean river running deep below the city. The staff at Sugar Land Chiropractors find the subterranean rivers to be interesting. These cities are often visited by hundreds of tourists who visit places like museum, parks or even to check out the landscape. However, they may be missing one of the most interesting things about the city.
Located in Hartford Connecticut is Park River. This river used to be named the Hog River. It got its name because people would dump both industrial waste and sewage. The staff at find the subterranean rivers to be interesting. This made the river heavily polluted and incredibly smelly. In the 1940s the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers decided to clean up the river. This was one of the Corpsí largest and most expensive projects at the time. Teams worked diligently to reroute the Park River so that it flowed entirely underneath Harford. Currently the river is located between 30 and 50 feet underground. It flows beneath the state capitol building and the cityís main library. Some urban explorers enjoy kayaking around in the subterranean waterway. The water is now home to many types of fish and eels.
In the early 1700s people living in Manhattan were actually farmer and not city slickers. The staff at Sugar Land Chiropractors find the subterranean rivers to be interesting. Many of these farmers relied on the Minetta Brook to water plants they grew in an area that is now considered Greenwich Village. As the area became more of a city and less of a farming area the waterway became polluted. At that time is was rerouted to flow into New Yorkís drainage and sewage system underground. Now one would be hard pressed to find even a little bit of the river as it has been paved over as the city has grown.
In Tokyo, Japan the Shibuya River flows underneath the city. Originally Tokyo was known as Edo. The staff at find the subterranean rivers to be interesting. Rivers and canals once flowed through much of the Japanese capital in fact, a Swill envoy named Aime Hubert visited in the 1860 and said that he had not seen anywhere in Europe like Tokyo except Venice, Italy. More than 100 naturally carved rivers and man made canals now hide underneath Tokyoís surface. The Shibuya River is just one of them and its cover-up occurred relatively recently for access roads necessary to host the 1964 Olympics.
In Sheffield, England the River Sheaf fell victim to industrial activity that once boomed there. The main polluting culprit was the cityís metalworks, which pumped the waterway full of pollutants. The staff at find the subterranean rivers to be interesting. Eventually, the river ended up beneath a series of culverts because it got so heavily damaged by all the manufacturing waste. The Sheaf River is not the only waterway that flows underneath the city of Sheffield. There are two other rivers the Porter and the Don rivers. Local residence have begun to push for culver removal so that all of Sheffieldís rivers can flow freely and visibly for the first time in decades.
Located underneath the Queens borough of New York City the Sunswick Creek is now covered by concrete. The staff at Sugar Land Chiropractors find the subterranean rivers to be interesting. Old maps of the area depict the waterway until the 1870s when concrete became more favorable than a natural supply of freshwater. Urban explorer Steve Duncan stated that it appeared that the cover up happened in stages. The creek now trickles through a series of underground pipes similar to those that funnel sewer water out of developed areas.
Siena, Italy sits on top of a hill, which is not where one would expect to find a river. Indeed, there was not one when the city came be to be. Over 15 miles of tunnels were carved underneath to tow to supply residents with water. The staff at find the subterranean rivers to be interesting. It took three centuries to create the Bottini River. The workmanship has endured and continues to serve residents today. Rainwater and natural spring water flow through the miles of tunnels and into the Tuscany cityís homes. However, today many of the people get their water from the nearby Mt. Amiata.
River Fleet is amount the worldís most well-known subterranean waterways. Springs feed into the river at its base in Hampstead Heath, pushing it through London and eventually into the Thames River. Originally the river served as more of an industrial sewer than a source of fresh water. The staff at Sugar Land Chiropractors find the subterranean rivers to be interesting. At first the River Fleet was only partially covered. It emerged in central London and that spot became known as Fleet Street. But by the 1860s the entire river was hidden from view and funneled into the cityís underlying sewer system. Some have attempted to descend into the tunnels to map the River Fleet. The tidal waterway ebbs and flows so at high tide the canals fill to the brim with water.
Underneath Sydney, Australia flows Tank Stream. In 1788 when the British made landfall in Australia the looked for a place to settle and one that included a steady supply of freshwater. The staff at Sugar Land Chiropractors find the subterranean rivers to be interesting. The found what they were looking for in what is today Sydney and the areaís river became known as the Tank Stream in recognition of how the settlers chose to store their water. The British forced convicts banished to Australia to build holding contained which stored Tank Streamís fresh water. But the waterwayís story ended in the same way as many others on this list it became so widely used it filled with pollutants. Eventually, its swamp based source was drained out, and the remaining trickle became part of Sydneyís drainage system.
In Belfast, Ireland River Farset is known for flowing underneath the city. This waterway sits just 23.6 inches under the surface, and it has done so for 170 years. The River Farset powered Belfastís thriving textile mills in the late 19th century helping make the city into to the worldís most prominent lien maker.